Staying active is essential for a healthy lifestyle. Physical activity can help improve brain health, control weight, reduce the risk of disease, strengthen bones and muscles, and increase energy levels. Vigorous activity can provide even more health benefits than moderate activity, and participating in sports and exercise can make you even healthier. People who are physically active and maintain a healthy weight tend to live about seven years longer than those who are inactive and obese.
The World Health Organization (WHO) provides guidelines and recommendations for different age groups and specific population groups on the amount of physical activity needed for good health. WHO also collaborates with the International Olympic Committee, International Sports Federations, FIFA, and other organizations to support and strengthen health promotion through sport. Regular physical activity has immediate and long-term health benefits, regardless of age, gender, or physical ability. It can help prevent hypertension, maintain a healthy body weight, and improve mental health, quality of life, and well-being.
However, overtraining syndrome—or exhaustion—can occur when someone performs a high-volume workout without adequate rest. This is commonly seen among athletes and fitness enthusiasts, and manifests itself in a variety of physical and psychological symptoms.For a summary of the health benefits of being more active, check out the physical activity guidelines from the Department of Health and Social Care. Increasing levels of physical inactivity have a negative impact on health systems, the environment, economic development, community well-being, and quality of life.